Longitude / Latitude:
130.50°E / 12.27°S
UTC+9.5 (+10.5 DST)
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT), a federal district in south eastern Australia is the home of Canberra, Australia's capital. It is located 320 km (200 miles) south west of Sydney, and is completely surrounded by the state of New South Wales. However, Jervis Bay, on Australia's eastern coast, is incorporated into it for administrative purposes.
Canberra has hot, and sometimes very dry summers. Winters are very cold with heavy fog and frequent frosts, with sometimes snow in the city. Surrounding areas get annual snowfall through winter and snow capped mountains.
Canberra has the third lowest annual rainfall of all the Capital cities and is spread fairly evenly over the seasons, with late spring bringing the highest rainfall. Thunderstorms can occur between September and April, and may occur at any time during the day. Tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.
The name Canberra is apparently derived from the word Kambera or Canberry and means a "meeting place". Canberra is the capital city of Australia and home to Parliament House where the countries decisions are made. Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne. Canberra is one of the world's few planned cities, a city built within a park with 2330 square kilometers (900 square miles) set aside for the country's capital, and 53% of which today remains nature park or reserve. It is a thriving modern city with stylish restaurants, hip bars and boutique shopping. Throughout the year Canberra enjoy many festivals and events, and includes many family orientated activities.
Canberra is a modern, rapidly expanding city located on the Molonglo River in a predominantly agricultural region. It is built around the artificially-created Lake Burley Griffin and the government is the major employer, but tourism and light-manufacturing industries are growing. The most dinguishing feature about Canberra is how it has melded Government offices, Embassies and public buildings within expansive parks and gardens, which provide a visual delight during autumn and spring.
Canberra is a very modern city which has been developed according to urban planning principals in providing distinct neighbourhoods and an excellent road network.
On 27 January 1972 the Aboriginal Tent Embassy was first established on the grounds of Parliament House to draw attention to indigenous rights and land issues and has continued to be occupied since 1992.
The ACT offers over 30 wineries, historic townships, and the famous Snowy Mountains. Only 45 minutes drive from the city is Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve which offers walking trails and ranger-guided activities. Camping is possible with fishing and horse riding permitted in designated areas.
A 2 hour scenic drive from Canberra are the Snowy Mountains, where you can seasonally find beautiful alpine flowers, top ski resorts, wild brumbies (wild horses), fishing, trekking, horse riding and much more.
The magnificent rainforest's and valleys of the Fitzroy Falls and Moreton National Park near Moss Vale are also well worth a trip. At the Yarrangobilly Caves there are stunning frozen waterfalls, limestone caves and sparkling fresh underground pools.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT), a federal district in south eastern Australia is the home of Canberra, Australia's capital.
On 18 January 2003, bushfires that had been burning in a remote area west of Canberra broke containment lines and engulfed some of Canberra. About 500 homes where destroyed before a change in the weather brought the bushfire under control. The suburb of Duffy was hit hard, with approximately 200 homes destroyed. Four people died and many more were injured.
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