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The Central West region borders South Australia and the Northern Territory, and consists of the Barcaldine, Barcoo, Blackall-Tambo, Boulia, Diamantina, Longreach and Winton local government areas. Despite its vast land area of 374,743 square kilometres (144,689 sq mi), it only had a population of 12,256 (2008). It includes the region commonly known as Channel Country.
Known as the Gulf Country, the North West region is located along the Gulf of Carpentaria coast. The region's terrain is mostly arid or savannah country. The major city in the region is Mount Isa with a population of approximately 25,000. Other population centres include Burketown, Cloncurry, Doomadgee, Kowanyama, Mornington Island and Normanton.
The region has a population of 35,779 or less than 1% of the state's total . 28.1% of the region's population identify as Indigenous. The region's economy is heavily dominated by the Mount Isa Mines which extracts zinc, copper, silver and lead. Another significant industry is cattle grazing. The region covers an area of 308,098 square kilometres (118,957 sq mi).
The South West region borders the states of New South Wales and South Australia and is sparsely populated. The main towns of the region are Roma, Mitchell, St George, Cunnamulla, Charleville, Surat and Thargomindah. Economic activities include cattle grazing, cotton farming, and natural resource extraction such as natural gas and opal mining. In 2008, the region has a population of 26,150 and an area of 319,883 square kilometres (123,507.5 sq mi).