Perth is the capital of the largest state in Australia, Western Australia. Perth is located on the sandy and relatively flat Swan Coastal Plain, on the south west of the continent between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Range, with the central business district (CBD) situated on the Swan River and the suburbs of Perth radiating east, west, north and south from there. Coastal suburbs enjoy Perth's oceanside location and clean beaches.
Perth could be the most isolated city on Earth.
Perth's metropolitan area has two major river systems. One is made up of the Swan and Canning Rivers. The second is the Serpentine and Murray Rivers, which discharge into the Peel Estuary at Mandurah.
Perth nestles on the Swan River, named after the native black swans in 1697 by Captain Willem de Vlamingh. Before European settlement the area had been inhabited by the Whadjuk Noongar people for over 40,000 years. At the time of first contact with Europeans in 1827, Perth now stands on the land once called Boorloo by the Aboriginals.
Perth's suburbs are advantageous due to their proximity to the ocean and clean beaches. To the east, the city is bordered by a low escarpment called the Darling Scarp. Perth is on generally flat, rolling land. The Perth metropolitan area has two major river systems; the first is made up of the Swan and Canning Rivers. The second is that of the Serpentine and Murray Rivers, which discharge into the Peel Estuary at Mandurah.
Perth receives moderate though highly seasonal rainfall, making it the fourth wettest Australian capital city after Darwin, Sydney and Brisbane. Summers are generally very hot and dry, lasting from December to late March, with February generally being the hottest month of the year, while winters are relatively mild and wet.