Australia Timeline

Timeline   ACT   NSW   NT   QLD
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Part of Australia's charm is its history. It also makes for some great places to visit! So take a journery down Australia's timeline & see what you can discover, or even learn.


28 December

Australia's most devastating earthquake hit Newcastle, New South Wales at 10:27am.


04 January

Highest rainfall in Australia over 24hrs, recorded at Bellenden Ker, Queensland - 1140mm (45").


01 January

The Festival of Sydney begins.


01 January

Federation of the Commonwealth of Australia.


02 January

Name 'Tasmania' replaced Van Diemen's Land.


01 January

Robert Knox formed the Colonial Sugar Refining Company.


02 January

Agricultural Society formed in Tasmania.


26 January

The Rum Rebellion of 1808 was the only successful armed takeover of government in Australian history. Later referred to as the Great Rebellion. It lasted until 1st January, 1810.


04 March

Castle Hill convict rebellion, also known as the second Battle of Vinegar Hill, occurred in New South Wales.


20 February

The Risdon settlement was moved to Sullivan's Cove (now Hobart) by Colonel David Collins.


12 September

Rear-Admiral John Bowen arrived at Risdon Cove, which later became Hobart. Among the original 49 settlers at Risdon Cove were 21 male and 3 female convicts, members of the New South Wales Corps and free settlers and their families.


09 June

Captain Matthew Flinders completed the first circumnavigation of the Australian continent (still known as "New Holland"). His ship the Investigator was subsequently judged to be unseaworthy and condemned.


08 April

Captain Matthew Flinders named Encounter Bay when he met Nicolas Baudin, the commander of the Baudin expedition, who was on a similar expedition for the French government.


06 December

Captain Matthew Flinders reached and named Cape Leeuwin and proceeded to make a survey along the southern coast of the Australian mainland.


01 January

Union Jack first hoisted in Australia.


30 November

The name Australia was specifically applied to the continent for the first time with the botanists George Shaw and Sir James Smith writing of "the vast island, or rather continent, of Australia, Australasia or New Holland" in their 1793 Zoology and Botany of New Holland.


09 July

The first ship of the Third Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove.


28 June

5 of 6 ships of the beleaguered Second Fleet have arrived during the past month. The colony was gripped by a food crisis.


31 December

Aboriginal Australians couldn't be coaxed into the settlement. Captain Phillip wanted to promote good relations between Aboriginal Australians and Europeans, so he captured one named Arabanoo & held him in confinement, hoping to learn his language.


02 November

A party of marines from the New South Wales Marine Corps and 10 convicts left to establish a farming settlement at Rose Hill (Later called Parramatta).



Things to See

  • Admirals Arch

    Admirals Arch

  • Art Gallery of NSW

    Art Gallery of NSW

  • Australian Centre for Moving Images

    Australian Centre for Moving Images

  • Bare Island

    Bare Island

  • Bay Cafe - WA

    Bay Cafe - WA

  • Bells Beach - Victoria

    Bells Beach - Victoria