Australia Timeline


Timeline   ACT   NSW   NT   QLD
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Part of Australia's charm is its history. It also makes for some great places to visit! So take a journery down Australia's timeline & see what you can discover, or even learn.


26 January

The Rum Rebellion of 1808 was the only successful armed takeover of government in Australian history. Later referred to as the Great Rebellion. It lasted until 1st January, 1810.


09 June

Captain Matthew Flinders completed the first circumnavigation of the Australian continent (still known as "New Holland"). His ship the Investigator was subsequently judged to be unseaworthy and condemned.


30 November

The name Australia was specifically applied to the continent for the first time with the botanists George Shaw and Sir James Smith writing of "the vast island, or rather continent, of Australia, Australasia or New Holland" in their 1793 Zoology and Botany of New Holland.


09 July

The first ship of the Third Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove.


28 June

5 of 6 ships of the beleaguered Second Fleet have arrived during the past month. The colony was gripped by a food crisis.


31 December

Aboriginal Australians couldn't be coaxed into the settlement. Captain Phillip wanted to promote good relations between Aboriginal Australians and Europeans, so he captured one named Arabanoo & held him in confinement, hoping to learn his language.


06 March

Lt. King took possession of Norfolk Island. British settlement founded.


13 May

The First Fleet of 11 ships, led by Governor Arthur Phillip, departed from Great Britain for Australia to begin European colonisation.


01 May

Pedro Fernandes de Queirós expedition reached the islands later called the New Hebrides (Vanuatu). Queirós landed on a large island which he took to be part of the southern continent, and named it Australia del Espiritu Santo.


01 May

The name "Austrialia" was used for the first time by Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, a Portuguese navigator, who sailed south with the intention of finding Terra Australis, the mythical "great south land," and claiming it for Spain and the Church.

Things to See

  • Admirals Arch

    Admirals Arch

  • Art Gallery of NSW

    Art Gallery of NSW

  • Australian Centre for Moving Images

    Australian Centre for Moving Images

  • Bare Island

    Bare Island

  • Bay Cafe - WA

    Bay Cafe - WA

  • Bells Beach - Victoria

    Bells Beach - Victoria