ABSOLUTELY AUSTRALIA TRAVEL GUIDE & DIRECTORY

Kangaroo Island

Kangaroo Island is a pristine wilderness with rugged coastal cliffs & sheltered bays and an experience you’ll never forget.

Kangaroo Island is Australia's 3rd largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island. It lies in the state of South Australia 112 km south-west of Adelaide.

Once occupied by Australian Aborigines, following rising sea levels several thousand years ago, the native population disappeared after the land became an island. It was resettled from the early 19th century onwards, at first casually by sealers and whalers, and then as part of the colony of South Australia from 1836. Since the 1930s, Aboriginal campsites have been discovered in a number of areas around the Island including the existence of stone tools and shell middens. Kangaroo Island is also known as Karta by the mainland Aboriginal tribes, meaning "Island of the Dead". It is not known why Aboriginals referred to the island as Karta.

Its coastline is 540 kilometres (340 mi) long and highest point is Mount McDonnell at 299 m (981 ft) above sea level. Nearly half of the island has never been cleared of vegetation,and a quarter of it is conserved in National Parks, Conservation Parks, and five Wilderness Protection Areas.

Kangaroo Island is one of South Australia's most popular tourist attractions, attracting over 140,000 visitors each year. American River, on the north coast between Kingscote and Penneshaw, is home to about 220 residents. Penneshaw, Parndana and American River each have basic facilities, including a general store and fuel and all are home to hotels. Facilities such as banking and large supermarkets are available in Kingscote and Penneshaw, although all towns have EFTPOS facilities of some sort.