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Why Australia is Tough with Quarantine

Why Australia is Tough with Quarantine

Why Australia is Tough with Quarantine

The goal of national quarantine should be to prevent the establishment and spread within Australia of exotic pests and diseases that are deemed to have a significant deleterious effect on humans, animals, plants or the natural environment.

Australia is famous for its laid back lifestyle and friendly culture. But don't be mistaken, when it comes to quarantine, the country is extremely strict. The government imposes rigorous quarantine rules that are non-negotiable. So why does Australia have some of the strictest quarantine rules in the world?

An island country

Australia is an island country, and this geographical factor plays a significant role in the country's strict quarantine rules. Because of its location, Australia is particularly vulnerable to the introduction and spread of exotic diseases, pests, and diseases that could severely impact its unique and fragile ecosystem. Therefore, the nation's biosecurity department enforces an ironclad quarantine system that applies to people, plants, animals, and products that enter the country.

Primary producer of high-quality agricultural products

Another reason why Australia is stringent with quarantine is the country's reputation as a primary producer of high-quality agricultural products such as beef, wool, and wine. Australian farmers and producers have worked hard to develop a unique and sustainable farming system, free from harmful pests and diseases. If an exotic pest or disease enters the country, there is a high risk that it could entirely devastate Australian agriculture. Hence, quarantine measures are necessary to protect the industry's livelihood.

Outbreaks of disease

Australia's strict quarantine rules are also rooted in the country's history. Australia has experienced devastating outbreaks of diseases like smallpox and the Spanish flu. These epidemics resulted in a significant loss of life and economic ruin. As a result, the Australian government has vowed never to repeat the painful history of these outbreaks again. Their stringent quarantine measures serve as preventative measures to ensure devastating epidemics never occur.

Entering the Country

Australia's tough quarantine regulations extend to its international airports, seaports, and other entry points. Before entering the country, individuals must fill out detailed health declarations and undergo extensive health screening checks. The government will also check for any illegal imports, such as plants or animal products, which could put the country's biosecurity at risk.

Australia ranks as one of the strictest countries when it comes to quarantine rules. The country's location, the importance of their agricultural industry, and their history of devastating disease outbreaks contribute to their tough approach to quarantine. These measures have paid dividends, as Australia has avoided significant disease outbreaks, protected its fragile ecosystems, and preserved the livelihoods of its farmers. It is an excellent example of how a country can take a proactive approach to preventing the introduction of harmful pests and diseases.

12 Mar 2024

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